1 edition of U.S. National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program found in the catalog.
U.S. National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program
|Other titles||US National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program., National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program., NAPAP integrated assessment report.|
|Contributions||National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (U.S.). Office of the Director.|
|LC Classifications||TD195.5 .U2 1991|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xxii, 520 p. :|
|Number of Pages||520|
|LC Control Number||92199379|
Try the normal-gamma conjugate! This conceptual diagram see Figure 13 illustrates linkages between high pH and associated pH fluctuations middle of diagramthe human activities and sources that can contribute to high pH top of diagram and the biological responses that can result bottom of diagram. The average age of 35 coal-fired units retired during was Due to overwhelming scientific evidence linking power plant emissions to acid rain and acid rain to the death of lakes, new regulations have dramatically cut emissions and cleaned up the rain that falls on the United States.
Fischhoff, M. Mathematical simulation of Lagrangian precipitation and associated sulfur wet deposition. Compliance strategies[ edit ] The market based SO2 allowance trading component of the Acid Rain Program was intended to allow utilities to adopt the most cost effective strategy to reduce SO2 emissions. Scandinavian scientists began to document acidic damage to lakes and streams in the s.
All of the Phase I units were either built or under construction when the Clean Air Act of was enacted, and all but eight were built or under construction when the Act was enacted. As a result of the investigation, GCA concludedthat the modifications required to RMDHS would be major, and that the modified system would be very expensive to operate. For example, the EPA updated its analysis to reflect the effect of low-sulfur coal becoming more economical due to reduced transportation, leading the EPA to reduce its estimate of the impact of ARP by sulfur dioxide emissions by one million tons. But it took another century for scientists to realize that acid rain was a widespread environmental problem. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 34 6 It also leaches calcium and magnesium from the soil, which can stress sugar maples.
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This paper is a case study that investigated the effects of coal industry pollutants on the macroinvertebrate fauna of a small river in a South Wales coalfield. Hazardous Materials in the Hydrologic Environment.
Preview Unable to display preview. April would like to see sulfur dioxide and other emissions curtailed even further. Bloyd, R. Nutrient concentrations also play a significant role in pH dynamics, because nitrification and respiration both produce hydrogen ions.
McCulloch, P. The report also highlights the need for better information including the costs and benefits to ecosystems from emission reductions, consideration of the role of climate change, and the interactions of multiple pollutants. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
These are some of the key findings in a report to Congress by the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program, a cooperative federal program.
April is currently involved in one such experiment in the Adirondacks. For example, in the Adirondack Mountains of New York, an especially sensitive region, 30 percent of the lakes were receiving acid rain during in excess of the level needed to prevent harm. National Research Council. Henrion, Cambridge University Press, Orendt C Chironomids as bioindicators in acidified streams: a contribution to the acidity tolerance of chironomid species with a classification in sensitivity classes.
Windfalls[ edit ] Of the units at plant locations affected by Phase I emission limitations, five were oil-fired, five coal-fired units were retired, and one coal-fired unit was placed on cold standby status prior to passage of the legislation in It discusses the pH fluctuations due to drainage water from coal stockpiles and seasonal flows.
Wickramanayake and R. The output from the model says that annual emissions of sulfur dioxide were reduced by 8 million tons from Sensitive life stages e. Dowlatabadi, M. Acid rain destroyed fish populations in lakes and streams, harmed fragile soils and damaged millions of acres of forest worldwide.
In Maythe House of Representatives voted against legislation that aimed to control sulfur emissions. Marnicio and M.
The national atmospheric deposition program: An overview. Transport distance of ammonia and ammonium in northern Europe:. Some coal cleaning may occur in combination with other actions such as scrubbing, or blending coals with varying sulfur content, but utilities generally prefer that coal suppliers bear the costs of cleaning operations.
This report describes the process- es, assumptions, and data sources used in developing the NAPAP temporal, spa- tial, and species allocation factors. References Adams, R.This research has been funded as part of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program by the Environmental Protection Agency under Related Services Agreement with the U.S.
Department of Energy under Contract DE-ACORLO Author: J. William Currie, Ronald J. Moe, Ronald J. Nesse. Primary Co-author, "Atmospheric Process Research and Development", Report 2 of Acidic Deposition: State of Science and Technology, U.
S. National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program, Washington DC, Committee on Atmospheric Chemistry, National Research Council, Associate Editor, Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres.
with the U.S. Department of Agriculture Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service and other universities, insti-tutions, and agencies. In Octoberthe federally supported National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) was established to increase understanding of the causes and effects of acidic precipitation.
The evolution of the Laboratory’s Research and Development is intertwined with national and international developments. The following table shows some important societal issues that occurred within each decade from toand it relates these issues with key ARL research and development activities in the areas of atmospheric dispersion, atmospheric chemistry, and climate.
Acidic deposition: state of science and technology: summary report of the U.S. National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (Book) 3 editions published in in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide.
NAPAP has a long history of conducting research related to acid deposition. Throughout the s NAPAP supported a large number of research projects that confirmed the link between SO2 and NOx emissions and acidic lakes and streams hundreds of miles away. Recent research is confirming the tight link between emissions of SO2 and the amount of several different forms of sulfur in the atmosphere Author: B.
Bloomer, R. Cook, C. Eagar, M. Fenn, R. Haeuber, Thomas G Huntington, S. McLaughlin, Peter S. Mur.